The need of the glass manufacturers to maintain and improve the quality of glass and expand the service life of the glass furnace and the impact and influence of the oxygen-fuel combustion technology, promote the improvement of refractories and development of the new refractories.
Fused cast alumina block has been widely used in the crown of the oxygen-fuel furnace, especially when manufacturing high quality glass. Before the application of the oxygen-fuel combustion technology, only β alumina block is used in the superstructure of the melting furnace. Now both β fused cast alumina block and α-β fused cast alumina block can be used in the crown of the oxygen-fuel furnace for producing TV glass, float glass and borosilicate glass.
Fused cast AZS block has been successfully used in the crown for many years. It can be used at 1600℃ or 1650℃ and can withstand the cycle of cooling and heating well. Compared to fused cast AZS, fused cast alumina block can be used at 1700℃ and has better mechanical strength and thermal stability.
In the past, high chromium brick was mainly used for the production of reinforced glass and sometimes in the insulation glass furnace. Now it is increasingly used in some soda-lime glass furnaces. It has much better corrosion resistance to glass and can prolong the service life of throat. Besides the throat, it is also used in the end wall, the angle brick of the feeder port. However, the chromium may color the glass liquid, thus it can not be used in the white glass furnace. It was primarily used in the colored glass furnace, but now it has been successfully used in the transparent container glass furnace.
Low glass phase fused cast AZS block has been successfully used in the superstructure. The development of the oxygen-fuel combustion technology makes it find wider application in the superstructure. Since it contains a low amount of glass phase, it has better creep resistance and the amount of exuded glass phase has been reduced to a very low level.
Fused cast high zirconia block is a new type of refractory, mainly used in the glass contact areas in high quality glass furnace. It has a low potential of causing stones, knots and bubbles and can effectively reduce glass defects. It is also in some low alkali glass or hard borosilicate glass furnaces.